Now that January is well and truly upon us, it is time to start looking at the years plans for your garden. Even though it’s still too cold to start planting, there is still plenty to do! Keep scrolling to go through 10 things you should have on your list.
1 . Draw up you plan for the year
The first thing anyone with a vegetable/flower garden should do this time of year is to draw up what you want your garden to look like throughout the coming months. This keeps you focused, organised and means that you will never be left with bare patches or too many plants. It also helps you get sorted on what seeds you need to purchase and what tools you will need and when!
It is always good to know ahead of time where everything will go, as not all vegetables enjoy being neighbours.
2 . Take stock of your seed collection
Once you know exactly whats on your list for things to grow, the next obvious step is to take stock of what you already have – whether its dried poppy pods from previous flowers or spare seeds that never quite made it to the potting shed. You want to get them all sorted and labelled so if there are anything that you don’t have stored away, well….
3 . Order any seeds you need
Now is the time to get your favourite gardening site and get ordering!! The place i go at the moment is D T Brown but everyone has their own favourites. It you have an allotment, you often get access to offers that you can’t get any where else which can help when bulk buying. But if you don’t have access to those, you can usually buy seeds from local garden centres, supermarkets etc.
4 . Clean your pots / tools ready for spring
If you are anything like me, you often leave pots half filled and dotted around in little piles. When there is a break in the bad weather, head out and round them all up! This month is great for getting everything cleaned and organised so they are there and ready to use when you need them!
You can clean your tools with a bit of warm water and a brush and make them as good as new! Alternatively, now is the ideal time to replace anything that has seen better days, if you look at the right time there is usually a good deal on gardening equipment to be picked up before spring comes along. Something I like doing so going to a local antiques centre where there are often companies that have numerous collections of old but really strong garden tools, their often really good prices and are often stronger than anything new (if you shop right).
5 . Prune any fruit trees/bushes
Another important job to tick off before spring begins is to prune any of your fruit trees and bushes. Its important to do it now, before the plant start putting energy into branches that are weak, or wont bear fruit. You want to remove the oldest branches or canes, as well as any broken or diseased wood. Any branches that cross over and would cause rubbing can be tied back or removed to reduce chances of damage. To make sure your pruning in the correct way it is always best to seek out advise for the specific plant your cutting.
6 . Composting
This is something I have recently got into myself. Your compost pile may freeze solid during the colder season but there is no reason to stop composting. In fact, the thawing process can help break down the materials that you add over this time , so they decompose even faster in spring.
Some people insulate their compost pile, either with a dark tarp or a generous layer of straw, newspaper or leaves. This reduces the drop in temperature which in turn keeps the bacteria that breaks down the material warm enough to not go dorment.
7 . General Tidy
If like me, you have reclaimed a patch of land that was previously a waste of weeds and brambles, you can use this time to also keep the ground weed free. Although the weeds don’t actively grow when the temperatures are low, they are still busy. Their roots and seeds are patiently waiting for the warmer weather. If my patch is veg free I try and turn over the soil a couple of times, to help bring any deep roots to the top and keep ontop of the weeds that are being a bit tougher to get rid of. This year i have some left over broccoli, brussels and some garlic, so using a smaller hand spade or folk I move around them being careful not to disturb the plants.
It is also an ideal time to tidy any fallen leaves or debris that has found their way into the garden. These can be moved into a pile to break down a bit before adding to your compost pile or disposed of.
8 . Grow your own Mushrooms
You could try growing your own mushrooms using a mushroom kit, you can kind these kits in any of you local garden centres or online, they are a great little project and are great to add to a lot of meals. It is so much simpler than it looks and you can grow loads of different varieties including white cap, oyster and shiitake. The kits are reasonable prices and comes with everything you need. Once site that gives great step by step instructions, and plenty of details for each sort is Thompson & Morgan .
9 . Early Potatoes
Now is the time that you want to start preparing your potatoes (if you want to grow them). Chitting is when you start the sprouting process and is done by collecting up the potatoes you are going to use and putting them with the majority of the eyes facing upright in a light, cool and frost free location. Greenhouses are perfect for this, but you can also use a porch or unheated conservatory. Light is important for the chitting process, so don’t put them in a cupboard or under the stairs.
You can stand them up using egg boxes, or if your using a large number of potatoes you can use an open box. You are looking for 1inch short green shoots from each eye of the tuber. Thin white shoots that potatoes grow when left in a cupboard to long is just the same, although may still produce potatoes if planted. For the best results you need the best possible shoots!
If you have done all your January jobs, but still want something to do, here is a little something that will keep your green fingers busy:
10 . DIY Bird Feeder
Everybody loves a little DIY project to brighten up these dark days. This is one that gets your hands busy, is great to do with the kids and helps the wildlife out all in once package! Its easy to forget that this time of year is one of the hardest for the wildlife, especially birds. Food is hard to come by, often buried under frozen soil and snow so one thing I think is great to do is to make some nice homemade bird feed ornaments.
There are loads of tutorials out there, but one of the easiest (and least messy) I have found is this one by a lovely lady called Shae! Her tutorial includes 4 ingredients plus kitchen twine or string, makes 5 ornaments and takes no time at all!
Keep an eye out for next months list of garden jobs, I’m off to make some tasty treats for the birds!
and you’re welcome along for the ride!